The Ook! Programming Language

Ook OokOok! is a programming language designed for orang-utans. Ook! is essentially isomorphic to the well-known esoteric language BrainF***, but has even fewer syntax elements.

Another minimalist programming language like Brainfuck and Whitespace, but this is objectively the funniest. Go here for more information about Ook!

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The Brainfuck Programming Language

Brainfuck is the original minimalist programming language. With just 8 instructions, it is nonetheless a Turing-complete language that can be used to perform serious work. If you’re completely insane. To get an idea of how insane, here is a working BF program that prints its own source code:


Fortunately, we know who to blame for this monstrosity:

Brainfuck is the ungodly creation of Urban Müller, whose goal was apparently to create a Turing-complete language for which he could write the smallest compiler ever, for the Amiga OS 2.0. His compiler was 240 bytes in size.

Learn much more about Brainfuck here.

Naturally, where BF pioneered, others followed. If you don’t find Brainfuck mind-bending enough, we recommend this variation: Whitespace

The Whitespace Programming Language

Most modern programming languages do not consider white space characters (spaces, tabs and newlines) syntax, ignoring them, as if they weren’t there. We consider this to be a gross injustice to these perfectly friendly members of the character set. Should they be ignored, just because they are invisible? Whitespace is a language that seeks to redress the balance. Any non whitespace characters are ignored; only spaces, tabs and newlines are considered syntax.

Whitespace is a particularly useful language for spies. Imagine you have a top secret program that you don’t want anyone to see. What do you do? Simply print it out and delete the file, ready to type in at a later date. Nobody will know that your blank piece of paper is actually vital computer code!

You can find all the Whitespace tools and information you need here.